ANSWER: You should recognise the difference between a phrase, a clause and a sentence.
A phrase is any small sequence of words within a sentence or a clause.
A clause is a group of related words that contains both a subject and verb.
There are two types of clauses:
- an independent clause: one which expresses a complete thought.
It can function as a complete sentence;
- a dependent (also known as a subordinate) clause: one which expresses part of a thought. It requires a main clause to function within a sentence.
You might like to think of an independent clause as an adult, and a dependent clause as a child requiring an adult.
A sentence is either an independent clause, or a number of clauses joined together to convey a complete, and often more complex, thought.
|Examples:||a phrase: “two or three people”|
|an independent clause: “People like going to the movies.” (it’s also a simple sentence)|
|a dependent clause: “who like going to the movies”|
|a sentence: “People who like going to the movies are more sociable.”|
There are many kinds of dependent clauses (relative clauses, noun clauses, adverbial clause etc.).